Israel/Palestine: qui cultive la terre ?
In the Middle East, land - who owns it, who cultivates it, who controls it, who conquers it - is the heart of the conflict.
In the village of Wadi Foukin, surrounded by the Green Line and the Israeli settlement of Betar Illit, the second largest Jewish settlement in the West Bank, Palestinian farmers are trying to save their last dunams (a unit of measurement of area) of land that the Israeli state is gradually taking over. The Israeli occupation hinders food production by limiting access to resources such as agricultural land and water. Palestinian farmers are forced to abandon their land to work on Israeli farms where wages are much higher. Farming is a true act of resistance for these farmers. This act is reminiscent of the Israeli pioneers who came to "make the desert bloom" and were forbidden to work the land in Europe for years. In Israel, the link to the land is being lost; fewer and fewer young people want to become farmers. The Hebrew state is currently lacking in new farmers and has to rely on a foreign workforce made up of Thais, Jordanians and Palestinians.
I want to show the diversity of this agricultural population by questioning their attachment to the land, which is imbued with religious, political and identity-related dimensions.
This work will explore both the loss of the link to the land in Israel and the resistance of Palestinian farmers to save it.